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Re-index your data into Splunk

Sometimes, due to some unavoidable reasons data loss may occur while indexing or partial indexing may take place, then you might want to re-index all your data again into Splunk. Following are the techniques to re-index your data: 

If you want to clean your existing data from any of your index before going for re-indexing process, use the commands below.

 i)  # cd $SPLUNK_HOME/bin 
ii) # ./splunk stop 
iii) # ./splunk clean eventdata -index  <index-name>
( to clean All Indexes, just drop off -index <index-name> )
iv) # ./splunk start

PROCESS 1: Remove/delete the fishbucket sub-directory which should re-index  all your data in all of your indexes.

CAUTION : Deleting the fishbucket sub-directory will re-index data coming into all your indexes from that splunk forwarder/instance, thus may severely impact your license usage.

To delete/remove the fishbucket:

1. Move to the directory   /opt/splunk/var/lib/splunk  (on the instance forwarding data)

2. Delete/Remove the sub-directory fishbucket 

See the pictures below for further reference,

–> index contents before deleting the fishbucket


–> deleting/removing the fish bucket

i)  #cd $SPLUNK_HOME/var/lib/splunk 
ii) #rm -rf fishbucket                                                   


–> restart your splunk instance ($SPLUNK_HOME/bin/splunk restart)

Now, as soon as your files are updated on the application server, the whole contents of your files will be re-indexed into splunk in their corresponding indexes.


PROCESS 2: Re-index data without deleting the fishbucket/re-index contents of any specific file 

There may be situations, when you only want to re-index the data for a particular file, then you can use the command given below to reset btprobe (run the command on the splunk instance forwarding data)

btprobe: It queries the fishbucket for checkpoints stored by monitor inputs. Any changes you make to the fishbucket using btprobe takes effect only after a restart. 

CAUTION: You must stop your splunk  instance before using btprobe.

i)  #cd $SPLUNK_HOME/bin 
ii) #./splunk stop 
iii)#./splunk cmd btprobe -d $SPLUNK_HOME/var/lib/splunk/fishbucket/splunk_private_db 
--file <File Path> --reset 
iv) #./splunk start

Below are the screenshots for your reference (using the same index for better understanding ) ….

–> index contents before resetting btprobe


–> resetting the btprobe


–> This should re-index the contents of your file 

img 8

PROCESS 3: Re-index your file contents based on timestamp for which data has not been indexed in splunk

Suppose due to some reason data coming from the file went missing/didn’t get indexed for the timestamps 09/29/18 5:05:XX  to 09/29/18 10:12:XX , but after that the indexing process is working normally, then

1) Copy the file contents which haven’t been indexed ( from timestamp 09/29/18        5:05:XX  to 09/29/18 10:12:XX ) to a temporary file, say tmp_file.txt

2) Create a new input stanza in “inputs.conf ” for tmp_file.txt

 [monitor://absolute path of tmp_file.txt] 
 index =  your_index_name 
 sourcetype = source_type_name

3)   Restart your splunk instance

Congrats!!  NOW, You have the data indexed that was missing from splunk previously.

NOTE: For cases, when you don’t want to Re-index the contents of some specific file(s), even when you delete the fishbucket, visit our post followTail attribute in splunk

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Happy Splunking!!

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